齿轮基本术语1

导读:齿轮基本术语(中英文对照)齿轮副GearpairiP7BQ/N,齿轮Toothedgear,平行轴齿轮副Gearpairwithparallelaxesm@3K}8Hr相交,行星齿轮系Planetarygeartrain%,]配对齿轮Matinggear,e齿轮传动Geardrive,大齿轮Wheel,Gear}@xiH=&W{主动齿轮DrivinggearbX6Ex@从动齿轮Dr,中心距Ce

齿轮基本术语1

齿轮基本术语(中英文对照) 齿轮副 Gear pair iP 7BQ/N

GVY+

{gk;z(

齿轮 Toothed gear;Gear gs|5KEs3)

平行轴齿轮副 Gear pair with parallel axes m@3K }8Hr相交轴齿轮副 Gear pair with intersecting axes p~Z+齿轮系 Train of gears 0;dGSO/

l a7j

~`if%RX

行星齿轮系 Planetary gear train %,]配对齿轮 Mating gears !小齿轮 Pinion (V. 9i ]

V3 5

e齿轮传动 Gear drive;Gear transmission wR 8w

大齿轮 Wheel;Gear }@xiH=&W{ 主动齿轮 Driving gear bX6Ex@从动齿轮 Driven gear | S行星齿轮 Planet gear mu8l/|a

b

内齿圈 Ring gear;Annulus gear Pqwc;5mrpq50 V*-e

[}{ @48 t`-}

Ngc@ 7wHf~o

中心距 Centre distance =Uc$oe轴交角 Shaft angle eYJq连心线 Line of centres ` i减速齿轮副 Speed reducing gear pair sH*增速齿轮副 Speed increasing gear pair 0Kj齿数比 Gear ratio iBYjUe +

传动比 Transmission ratio %#B [/Y Q 轴平面 Axial plane =\\5节平面 Pitch plane 2!e法平面 Normal plane N`89基准平面 Datum plane )-t}M?/7D~

)OWdW

r'3iF4

^` .

端平面 Transverse plane T分度曲面 Reference surface 节曲面 Pitch surface %t ^,B iV 齿顶曲面 Tip surface OcB%WURQL 齿根曲面 Root surface KjWK be4 基本齿廓 Basic tooth profile w$D>基本齿条 Basic rack m^Q?cE

e+

)I

uD

产形齿条 Counterpart rack PXU\产形齿面 Generating flank h\\AF基准线 Datum line XKbNrPwY} 轮齿 Gear teeth;Tooth !^!齿槽 Tooth space 6 S[\#^Hd4

产形齿轮 Generating gear of a gear 0si|\\`t右旋齿 Right-hand teeth9q?k 左旋齿 Left-hand teeth X-gearsY=h8r6

nR6

wI

+x4J \%u

Y>Fv3

变位齿轮 Gears with addendum modification; E高度变位圆柱齿轮副 X-gear pair with reference centre distance >ODM角度变位圆柱齿轮副 X-gear pair with modified centre distance e*=;tGO[bjqEQ

#-

高度变位锥齿轮副 X-gear pair without shaft angle modification 角度变位圆柱齿轮副 X-gear pair with shaft angle modification q!o变位系数 Modification coefficient M{J^iunR 变位量 Addendum modification M#-Z_*

V2?qx

径向变位系数 Addendum modification coefficient d 7\\)$ ^ 中心距变位系数 Centre distance modification coefficient u(圆柱齿轮 Cylindrical gear #顶圆 Tip circle g0根圆 Root circle ~+\9D齿距 Pitch oAV1py-SH% 齿距角 Angular pitch Z4J[9-DF

K H-?w

公法线长度 Base tangent length Ot节圆直径 Pitch diameter }^QP^顶圆直径 Tip diameter V&

根圆直径 Root diameter #5X8Rtu 齿根圆角半径 Fillet radius 3HonaH&y 齿高 Tooth depth R:{Vs]QN工作高度 Working depth 齿顶高 Addendum 齿根高 Dedendum Ev I_{-qT7i a

[taH

HmX?G

gn

分度圆直径 Reference diameter Gy=ZY\ 基圆直径 Base diameter <2BWm 3 DW

QA f-b }

弦齿高 Chordal height av齿宽 Facewidth Lc 0j固定弦齿高 Constant chord height (Ww j|#1G

L1(

f vx >]&vR

(?j%ZR

有效齿宽 Effective facewidth AcT法向齿厚 Normal tooth thickness 端面齿厚 Transverse tooth thickness doH端面基圆齿厚 Transverse base thickness

C85Y]N

法向基圆齿厚 Normal base thickness pc4vxk+B) 端面弦齿厚 Transverse chordal tooth thickness -t固定弦齿厚 Constant chord @N端面齿顶厚 Crest width bnh j 0B}(s Jtd=B 7Z #r

Dh#

法向齿顶厚 Normal crest width %&5法向齿槽宽 Normal spacewidth 端面齿槽宽 Transverse spacewidth Yj(T53VzYa

齿厚半角 Tooth thickness half angle s压力角 Pressure angle vOj{Y--

\

槽宽半角 Spacewidth half angle =yqC ipt+: 齿形角 Nominal pressure angle K=liv{>_N4

圆弧圆柱蜗杆 Arc-contact worm;hollow flank worm;ZC-worm R v$\\0\

w\\T2n!

' W

.

直廓环面蜗杆 Enveloping worm with straight line grneratrix;TA worm 平面蜗杆 Planar worm wheel;P-worm wheel 0平面包络环面蜗杆 Planar double enveloping worm;TP-worm mibUfir2{t Ll;$ wM4e}

平面二次包络蜗杆 Planar double-enveloping worm wheel;TP-worm wheel 锥面包络环面蜗杆 Toroid enveloping worm wheel;TK-worm wheel 渐开线包络环面蜗杆 Toroid enveloping worm hich involute holicoid generatrix;TI-worm?i

锥蜗杆 Spiroid pc-& ,E 锥蜗轮 Spiroid gear f中平面 Mid-plane [-(cZn/\\IMW Vx'54X

M OF$

锥蜗杆副 Spiroid gear pair F\\5{RLX SG 长幅内摆线 Prolate hypocycloid rXfbo4短幅内摆线 Curtate hypocycloid H^C|渐开线 Involute; c t?-

) %C LOw

Involute to a circle P{ 2Bg#0DF 延伸渐开线 Prolate involute 80B:球面渐开线 Spherical involute 渐开螺旋面 Involute helicoid 阿基米德螺旋面 Screw helicoid 9圆环面 Toroid R{UkM#-I

F'3}

cfgX

缩短渐开线 Curtate involute \\ P# iE

?5nV1 y/

F^$M

]Pr4E ~O

球面渐开螺旋面 Spherical involute helicoid 2hKT%圆环面的母圈 Generant of the toroit D,EN圆环面的中性圈 Middle circle of the toroid ^EFjy]rUA 圆环面的中间平面 Middle-plane of the toroid ^dXEC圆环面的内圈 Inner circle of the toroid fr啮合干涉 Meshing interference w{kI切齿干涉 Cutter interference @Jg3Profile correction kx)t#OUu

[M|6 Nj

-d] C@t[$

$G>Z-

齿廓修型 Profile modification; 1.Jc\\#ix 修缘 Tip relief aT<`修根 Root relief \\w~6g齿向修形 Axial modification; \\)T'`1*>v? Longitudinal correction $'k+EWmPc 齿端修薄 End relief 6dWHn- 鼓形修整 Crowning )m

xKeO

鼓形齿 Crowned teeth ZE4B3h+ P 挖根 Undercut O&x:?'@>

瞬时轴 Instantaneous axis +6ssKVMR 瞬时接触点 Point of contact z>@k瞬时接触线 Line of contact –mmE9

端面啮合线 Transverse path of contact l*69c0b/}V 啮合曲面 Surface of action E*啮合平面 Plane of action 啮合区域 Zone of action }/{-9;}p@ T

UGl4>b

RhB@Z 1

}r)LTsJ

总作用弧 Total arc of transmission Pe*端面作用弧 Transverse arc of transmission $纵向作用弧 Overlap arc mo8442sB+ 总作用角 Total angle of transmission IX%纵向作用角 Overlap angle E`f',-]-_端面重合度 Transverse ratio a纵向重合度 Overlap ratio `!标准齿轮 Standard gears ns

=}u)5

]ff

端面作用角 Transverse angle of transmission +Q总重合度 Total contact ratio EV#ifnxO

(Q p8

C. E0-%(p e

非变位齿轮 X-gero gear kMU-T k'q

标准中心距 Referencr centre distance `*7T (C 名义中心距 Nominal centre distance ),w(E&$wo 分度圆柱面 Reference cylinder &E\\!ws节圆柱面 Pitch cylinder YNfGsrw wV 基圆柱面 Basic cylinder uZ r齿顶圆柱面 Tip cylinder q1节点 Pitch point iiA3b`p分度圆 Reference circle 'L^Q4节圆 Pitch circle cEINMe基圆 Basic circle a6 Gmxi定位面 Locating face n Q/齿根圆柱面 Root cylinder +8_8l 2,

节线 Pitch line 0M}7(LV^\\

W]x# \\]6O n',ZGUH

mX

8g tQxz

外锥距 Outer cone distance Z.D'?r8> 内锥距 Inner cone distance >{9dk_bP$ 中点锥距 Mean cone distance ?J2 Wn6 背锥距 Back cone distance Lkk'v4I安装距 Locating distance 0冠顶距 Apex to crown Lf/q偏置距 Offset _\ ){c

R

CH L~

J1

Z&^R

轮冠距 Tip distance;crown to back Nx?.T\\Q齿线偏移量 Offset of tooth trace ?<@z\\T;f分锥角 Reference cone angle 0BVu#X(节锥角 Pitch cone angle bjO88*b-

顶锥角 Tip angle #`4~ +M+

根锥角 Root angle {b-weewXv[ 背锥角 Back cone angle [}T-'F-QQ 齿顶角 Addendum angel w|G7G{^@Ga 齿根角 Dedendum angle oG?;%o

RF0O 6fnpn/J

任意点压力角 Pressure angle at a point y&任意点螺旋角 Spiral angle at a point A中点螺旋角 Mean spiral angle 0_*GGB8B< 大端螺旋角 Outer spiral angle $ dJJl M-5 小端螺旋角 Inner spiral angle h

d

蜗杆副 Worm gear pair 7NH1圆柱蜗杆 Cylindrical worm QS~

圆柱蜗杆副 Cylindrical worm pair 2PnBxOoI 环面蜗杆 Enveloping worm !DGydngx> 环面蜗杆副 Enveloping worm pair D?. /#5

vgHdFPdK

$

mX=

x7$阿基米德蜗杆 Straight sided axial worm;ZA-worm [渐开线蜗杆 Involute helicoid worm;ZI-worm jYuT;E

法向直廓蜗杆 Straight sided normal worm;ZN-worm k\\Cm锥面包络圆柱蜗杆 Milled helicoid worm;ZK-worm Yg0g2椭圆齿轮 Elliptical gear @G7=(&vW

) 6*tP3

非圆齿轮副 Non-circular gear pair `,50r\\tl<% 圆柱针轮副 Cylindsical lantern pinion and wheel p谐波齿轮副 Harmoric gear drive [_~t 4oVz 波发生器 Wave generator IV`vf5D>4 柔性齿轮 Flexspine O+D4uv/?y 刚性齿轮 Circular spline uC'yG分度圆环面 Reference tosoid

X

]

非圆齿轮 Non-circular gear +D1 j^D(针轮 Cylindsical tan tein gear ;pin-wheel ?$VEm@8(e

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