Unit 6 exercise keys 精读


Unit 6 exercise keys 精读

IV. Fill in each blank with one of the two words from each pair in its appropriate form and note the difference of meaning between them. 1 a burden b burden c loads d load 2 a choose b elected c choose d elected 3 a issue b problem c problem d issue 4 a trend b trend c fashion d fashio

V. Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used. 1. only, sole

2. uncommon, unusual, extraordinary, exceptional 3. honor, admire, esteem 4. decrease, diminish, lessen 5. worries, anxiety

6. insignificant, weak, feeble, powerless

7. first, chief, main, primary, principal, foremost, leading 8. fortunately, luckily

VI. Fill in the blank in each sentence with an appropriate form of the given capitalized word in the bracket.

1. She is famous for her advocacy of human rights. (advocate) 2. When the time for parting came, he shook hands with everyone respectfully. (respect)

3. It is estimated that China has enormous potential for economic development in the coming year. (potentially)

4. The job of a surveyor is to examine the condition of a building, or to measure and record the details of an area of land. (survey)

5. The British Air Force succeeded despite overwhelming odds against them. (overwhelm)

6. The association between the two companies dates back to the last century. (associate)

7. There is no English equivalent for “bon appetite,” so we have adopted the French expression. (equivalence)

8. I thought his remark was highly inappropriate, given the circumstances. (appropriate)

Grammar exercises: I.Replace the that-clause in each of the following sentences by a prepositional phrase without changing the original meaning.

1. The young man convinced everyone of his innocence. 2. Are you sure about/of Simon’s disappearance? 3. No one is sorry about Laeler’s resignation. 4. I assure you of my willingness to stand down. 5. They persuaded him of their need for more troops.

6. Did anyone inform you of the change of the plans?

7. I must remind you of your responsibility towards your friends. 8. No one told me of these problems.

II.Complete the following sentences with the appropriate complex prepositions listed below. 1. but for 2. Except for 3. in the case of 4. What with 5. In terms of 6. In view of 7. by way of 8. in point of

III.Replace the underlined finit clause in each sentence by a prepositional phrase. 1. In spite of the city’s many attractions, 2. Despite the clear scientific evidence, 3. with all his immense fortune

4. For all your huge secretarial staff, 5. because of the heavy rain 6. for money

IV.Combine each pair of sentences into one. Use the word(s) in brackets.

1. Although I didn’t speak the language, I managed to make myself understood.

2. Despite living/ the fact that we live in the same street, we hardly ever see each other.

3. John didn’t get the job in spite of having all the necessary qualificaitons.

4. We rarely go to the theatre except around Christmas, when we take the children. 5. But for the millions of dollars’ worth of aid from governments around the world, most people in the country would have starved to death.

6. The Prime Minister returned home because of growing unrest in the country. 7. We must be near the beach because I can hear the waves.

8. We will go ahead with our project even though our partners pull out.

V. In each sentence, insert an appropriate conjunction from the list below. 1 because 2 as 3 though 4 whenever 5 wherever 6 since 7 where 8 or else

VI. Make sentences of your own after the sentence given below, using a what-clause as a noun phrase.

e.g. Cultures differs in their value systems; what is acceptable in one culture may

not be so in another culture.

Translation exercises: I. Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. 家里没有别的孩子和他交往,这就使得孩子有时候赶到孤独,尤其在假期里。 2. 许多人认为独生子女不善于与其他人沟通,也就不会尊重在各种关系中相互谦让的精神。


4. 因为只有一个孩子,所以由于父母偏爱或兄弟姐妹之间的妒忌而引起家庭争端的可能性就小了。

II.Translate each of the following sentences into English, using the words or phrases given in the bracket.

1 The dilemma she is facing is whether to tell her husband the truth about his fatal disease.

2 Don’t you think it a sort of stigma that you, already in your thirties, still have to depend on your old parents.

3 Almost all the governments in the world are very much concerned about the financial issue.

4 With regard to the seminar on English teaching, I suggest that it be held on the

coming weekend.

5. Whether to go abroad for further education or not is entirely up to you. 6. Just a single spark can lead to an explosion in a room filled with gas.

7. No matter what effects the government had made, the price for housing has

barely declined.

8. In order to pass TOFEL, he has devoted almost every minute of his spare time to

English studies.

9 With his acting potential, the young man is likely to be a superstar in the field of


10. It is believed that sibling jealousy exists more in rich family than in poor one.

Exercises for integrated skills: I. Dictation

About this time / I found out the use of a key. / One morning I locked my mother up in the pantry, / where she was obliged to remain three hours. / She kept knocking on the door, / while I sat outside on the porch steps and laughed. / This naughty behavior of mine / convinced my parents / that I must be taught as soon as possible. / After my teacher came to me, / I sought an early opportunity / to lock her up in her room. / I could not be induced to tell / where the key was. / My father had to get a ladder / and take the teacher out through the window. / Months after, / I produced the key.

II. Fill in each blank in the passage below with ONE word you think appropriate.

Traditionally, so-called only children have gotten a bad (1) name. Not many years

(2) ago it was common for people to assume that an only child was sure to be hopelessly selfish and spoiled. Experts added to the (3) list of only-child woes, (4) claiming that they were apt to be more aggressive, uncooperative, socially inept, less (5) successful in marriage, and so on. But none of this is necessarily true. Only children often grow (6) up to be happy and well adjusted. In fact, being an only child has some (7) advantages: They spend a lot of time interacting with adults, so they develop strong (8) language skills, which serve them well in school and later in life. They enjoy their parents’ undivided (9) attention, and never have to suffer the pain of sibling jealousy. And they often enjoy educational, cultural, and travel (10) opportunities that children from large families might miss out on.

Writing practice: Rewrite the following sentences in a parallel form. 1. You can go there on foot, by bike or by bus.

2. A gossip is someone who talks to you about others, a bore is someone who talks to you about himeself, and a brilliant conversationalist is one who talks to you about yourself.

3. Faith sees the invisible, feels the intangible and achieves the impossible.

4. Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be what you want to be. 5. My father’s income is smaller than my mother’s.

6. What you say reflects your mind; what you do reflects your ability.

7. A single dollar could save a man’s life, and a thousand dollars could better it, while a million dollars could end it. 8. I am at a loss what to do and where to go.

9. Your semester grade is based on not only how well you do on each test but also how you participate in class.

10 Endeavor, confidence and opportunity are the basic elements of one’s success.

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