48个英语国际音标讲解图及基本语音常识(大全)

导读:英语48个国际音标表,英语音标及字母组合对照,英语国际音标对照表,基本语音知识:,英语中有48音素,英语中有20元音,英语中有28辅音,英语48个国际音标表元音(20个)长元音/ɑ:/短元音/?//?://?//?://?//i://?//U://?//e//?//e?//a?//??/双元音/??//e?//??//??//a?/辅音(28个)轻辅音/p//t//k//f//θ//s/浊辅音

48个英语国际音标讲解图及基本语音常识(大全)

英语48个国际音标表

元音(20个)

长元音 /ɑ:/ 短元音 / ?/ /?:/ /?/ / ?:/ /?/ /i:/ /?/ /U:/ /?/ /e/ /?/ /e?/ /a?/ /??/ 双元音 /??/

/e?/ /??/

/??/ /a?/ 辅音(28个)

轻辅音 /p/ / t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/ 浊辅音 /b/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /e/ /z/ 轻辅音 /?/ / h/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/ 浊辅音 /?/ / r/ /dz/ /d?/ /dr/ 鼻音 /m/ /n/ /?/

半元音 / j/ / w/

边音

/ ?/

英语音标及字母组合对照

1.元音:

1) [i:] 字母组合:ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i) three tree green sheep meet beef see seek

eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean he she me

piece receive ceiling

2) [ I ]发音字母 i y e ui u a

sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big build miss myth many twenty happy dictionary defect decide delicious 3) [ ? ] 发音字母 a

bag hand and ant happy hat map mad bad black back shall man

4) [e] 字母组合 ea e a (ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay)

please glad flag

head bread pleasure

elephant electric remember sell shell lesson better bed desk hotel yes many any

5) [ε:] 字母组合ir ur ear er or

girl shirt skirt thirty thirteen third bird

turn burn murder nurse turtle Thursday burger learn earn earth heard term her nerd serve work worm work world

6) [ε] 字母组合 er or ou ar o a e u

teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor mayor author tractor delicious gracious pleasure familiar collar dollar

together tomorrow today shallop lesson Washington control around account ago elephant manta banana Canada Japan men listen famulus Saturday 7) [a:] 字母组合 ar a

car farm card arm garden

fast class last glass plant aunt calm 8) [ ? ] 发音字母 u o ou oo

up supper lunch fun gun hunt cup bus come mother dose brother love above trouble rough flourish blood flood

9) [?: ]字母组合 al or au our ar

small wall talk tall hall ball call walk

short more lord horse for forty sport door floor store

polite china

author caught autumn four mourn court bought warm quarrel quarter 10) [ ? ] ([?])发音字母 o a ou

hot lost lot fox box mop hop loss collar not want wash watch 11) [u:] 字母组合 oo o u

food moon room gloom broom doom goose tooth shoe do two

true truth blue full prude 12) [u] 字母组合 oo ou u o look good foot book wood should could

put full bull pull push woman wolf

13) [ei] 发音字母 a ay ea ai ey name cake late gate plane April play say may way great break rain paint plain they grey

14) [ai] 发音字母 i y

bike fine find die nine light night high my try fly eye

15) [au] 字母组合 ou ow

house out flour ground account count sound loud flower down now cow how town 16) [εu] 发音字母 o ow oa

home cold go no phone host ghost know low below grow blow show flow

around mouse

boat coat goal 17) [ ?? ] 字母组合oy oi boy toy joy oil soil voice choice 18) [iε] 字母组合 eer ear beer deer ear near here fierce idea

19) [ ?? ] ([e?])字母组合ear air ere pear bear chair air fair there where care

20) [uε] [au?]字母组合our ower hour tour

flower shower

英语国际音标对照表

基本语音知识:

1) 字母:语言的书写形式。元音字母只有a,e,i(y),o,u

2) 音素:音的最小的单位。英语中有48音素。即20个元音音素和28个辅音音素.

3) 元音:发音响亮,是乐音;口腔中气流不收阻碍;是构成音节的主要音。英语中有20元音。 4) 辅音:发音不响亮,是噪音;口腔中气流受到阻碍;不是构成音节的主要音。英语中有28辅音。 5) 音节:由元音和辅音构成的发音单位。ap'ple,stu'dent,tea'cher,un'der'stand。 6) 开音节: a) 辅音+元音+辅音+e name bike home due;

b) 辅音+元音 he,go,hi。

7) 闭音节: a) 辅音+元音+辅音 bad,bed,sit,hot,cup;

b)元音+辅音it。

8) 重读音节:单词中发音特别响亮的音节。

读音规则

1) 重读音节(见元音和辅音的例句)。

2) 非重读音节 [ ] banana,student,today,after,[i] orange,secret,evening,very,Monday。

特殊读音

1)音的连读:前面的词以元辅音结尾,后面的单词以元音开头,这样结尾的辅音要和开头的元音连读。

not at all,half an hour,I love you and all、after all。

2)失去爆破:辅音爆破音或摩擦音后面跟的是爆破音、破擦音和摩擦等,前面的辅音要失去爆破。

good girl,good student,good job,expression,school,extreme。

3)音的同化:两个特殊的音碰到一起,会发出变异成特殊的音。

Would you do it? I am glad to meet you、Can't you see it? last year,this year。

重音

A)双音节词

a)一般在第一个音节重读。letter,sorry。

b)有 a-,be-,de-,re-,res-,in-,im-,en-,em-,es-,ex-,con-,com-,dis-,mis-,pre-,per-,pro-,trans-

等前缀的词,第二个音节是重音。a'bout,be'lieve,ad'dress,de'cide,re'port,con'demn,res'pect,com'pare, in'form,dis'cuss,im'press,mis'take,en'force,pre'pare,em'ploy,per'mit,es'cape,pro'duce,ex'claim,trans'late c)有 de-,in-,re-,con-,pre- 等前缀的重音与词义和词类有关,一般名词的重音在第一个音节上,其它的 词性在第二个音节上。'record,re'cord; 'insult,in'sult; 'conduct,con'duct; 'present pre'sent; 'content,con'tent。 d)有些复合词和带有前缀 re-,ex-,un-,pre-,post-,等的词,有两个重音。

'out'side,'re'tell,'well-'known,'un'real,'fif'teen,'Chi'nese,'pre-'war,'post-'war。

B)多音节词

a)一般倒数第三个音节是重音。'difficult,'communist,'family,e'conomy,oppor'tunity,de'mocracy。 b)有一些双音节词,加了前缀和后缀成了多音节,但这些词按原来词根的重音读音

'carefully,in'definite,'comfortable,con'ductor,ac'cording,dis'turbance,'complicated,es'tablishment。 c)词尾有-eous,-grahpy,-ial,-ian,-ic,-ics,-ience,ient,-ify,-ion,-ious,-ity,ive 后缀的词,重音在

这些后缀的前一个音节上。cour'teous,cal'ligraphy,edi'torial,his'torian,peri'odic,mathe'matics,ex'perience, suf'ficient,i'dentify,trans'lation,re'ligious,curi'osity,pro'tective。

d)词尾有 -ain,-ee,-eer,-ese,-ette 后缀的词,重音在该后缀上,而且有一个次重音。

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